Review of World Energy

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Global economic recession drove energy consumption lower in 2009 – the first decline since 1982. As with the economic contraction, the decline in energy consumption was concentrated in OECD countries and the territory of the Former Soviet Union(FSU). Consumption of oil, natural gas and nuclear power declined, while coal consumption was essentially flat; only hydroelectric output and other renewable forms of energy increased in 2009. This data suggests global CO2 emissions from energy use fell for the first time since 1998.


oil oil consumption

gas gas consumption

coal coal consumption

nuclear energy nuclear energy consumption

hydroelectricity consumptionhydroelectricity consumption

Proved Reserves

oil oil proved reserves

gas [image:]

coal [image:]

nuclear energy [image:]

hydroelectricity consumption [image:]

World CO2 emissions from consumption of energy

World CO2 emissions
CO2 emissions by sector CO2 emissions by sector

CO2 emissions, Germany CO2 emissions, Germany

CO2 emissions, France CO2 emissions, France

CO2 emissions, Russia CO2 emissions, Russia

Possible sources of energy in the future

Transport system

The new transport system has to be invented in the future.
RUF system(Rapid, Urban, Flexible) consists of electric vehicles that can be operated both on the conventional street system and on a rail facility. The vehicles are called "dual-mode" vehicles because of this dual capability. They can be privately owned or owned and operated by the public for use by the general public.

Collecting energy systems

Due to global warming and climate change, the system of environmental filters and screens will be used to help prevent this process. This system can be used in public areas, it will also accumulate sun and wind energy, and at the same time provide shade.

BioOctanic Tower

bioOctanic Tower By applying the Bio towers we would reduce the amount of valuable agricultural land used for production of bio-fuel plants, reduce transportation costs and related air pollution. This kind of crop production also has advantages over farming in open spaces, because it's not weather-dependant, and you can create artificial conditions which enhance the plant growth (conditions that can't be achieved in the natural environment). The visual identity of the towers is a symbol and result of their function. Beside the benefits of bio-fuel and oxygen production, we consider their architectural appearance as an added value primarily to the conscience of the city inhabitants.

Superstructure for Sustainable Skyscrapers

Symbiotic Interlock
Daekwon Park created Symbiotic Interlock “to reunite the isolated city blocks and insert a multi-layer network of public space, green space and nodes for the city”. It comprises a system of stackable modules that are designed to add an extra layer of infrastructure to existing buildings via sky docks and bridges, vertical gardens, cultural spaces, and energy producing wind turbines.