Moscow.Water

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General information

Moscow as an administrative unit

Moscow as an administrative unit

Moscow-is the capital, the most populous city, and the most populous federal subject of Russia. The city is a major political, economic, cultural, scientific, religious, financial, educational, and transportation centre of Russia and the continent. Moscow is the most northern city on Earth with a population above 10,000,000, the most populous city on the continent of Europe.

Moscow urban structure

Moscow urban structure

Throughout the centuries Moscow has been evolving in a classical radial-circular structure of development, meaning that the new parts of the city are built around its historical centre. As a result, Moscow is essentially the same now, as it always has been, with its extraordinary combination of old and modern.In the end of 20 century Moscow government decided to seal the city. This led to the disappearance of historic buildings in downtown and outskirts of compaction high rise buildings.Now, Moscow has a new mayor and a government.Master plan for the development of Moscow 2050 is blocked. Muscovites hope on the amendment to the document.

Transport

Moscow transport

The Moscow transportation network is very diverse and exists literally over many levels. The city's buses, trams, Metro, motorways, trains and planes together all serve to maintain a high level of connectivity between Moscow's many different districts and beyond.Also I want to add,that sometimes it is better to use public transport, because you can spend the whole day staing in traffic jam.

Climate

The ecological situation in Moscow

What should you know about Moscow climate:

Hot summers

Cold winters

5 months of the hole year, we have got snow on the streets (75cm)

In this regard, we have rules for the design buildings and structures, which are called SNiP.(sanitary norms and rules)

Temperature in Moscow Lenght of daylight in Moscow Precipitation in Moscow

Water

Russian main rivers City and river(a bit of history) Moscow river net

The Moskva River (Russian: , Moskva-reka) is a river that flows through the Moscow and Smolensk Oblasts in Russia, and is a tributary of the Oka River.

Hydrology and sources of water

Moscow hydraulic structures Moscow chanel

The length of the river is 503 km. The area of its drainage basin is 17,600 km². Vertical level drop is 155 metres (long-term average). Maximum depth above Moscow city limits - 3 metres, and up to 6 metres below it . Normally, it freezes in November–December and begins to thaw around late March. In downtown Moscow, the river freezes occasionally; in an unusually warm winter of 2006-2007, ice began setting on January, 25. Absolute water level in downtown Moscow is 120.0 metres above sea level (long-term average of summer lows after World War II), historical maximum was set by the 1908 flood - 127.25 metres above sea level.

Main tributaries are the Ruza, Istra, Yauza, Pakhra, and Severka rivers. Sources of water are estimated as 61% thaw, 12% rain and 27% subterranean. After completion of Moscow Canal (1932–1937), Moskva River also collects a share of Upper Volga water. This enabled reliable commercial shipping, which was previously interrupted by summer droughts (older dams built in 1785, 1836 and 1878 were not effective). Average discharge, including Volga waters, varies from 38 m³/s near Zvenigorod to 250 m³/s at Oka inlet. Flow speed, depending on the season, varies from 0.1 m/s (winter, dams closed) to 1.5-2.0 m/s (may, dams open).

Water sources Moscow water stations

Wastewater

Wastewater Technological scheme of water purification Technological scheme of water purification-2 Biogas production

Transport and recreation zones on Moscow river

Transport on  Moscow river

Moscow river is navigable for 210km. Navigation usually begins from mid-April to mid-November.Pleasure boats run from mid-April until second half of October,when in connection with seasonal worsening weather passengers traffic significsntly reduced.

City have several beachers.The swimming season usually opens on June 1 and ends on average in mid-August.(the temperature of river water in July is about 22°C.

Water consumption

Water consumption in Moacow

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