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Update 2010 and Background
The Nepal Water from Fog Project (NWFP) was started in the spring of 1997 on the initiative of Kevin Kowalchuk, who had previously worked in Nepal on a film project. Kevin made contact with fellow Canadian Robert Schemenauer and they discussed how a water project using fog collectors might be initiated to help the people in the mountain villages of Nepal.
Dr. Schemenauer, working with Environment Canada and later FogQuest, developed the fog collection technology together with a group of university and forestry specialists in Chile. They have carried out projects in many countries and had worked previously with the Canadian Centre for International Studies and Cooperation (CECI) in Ecuador. CECI was approached to be involved in a project in Nepal and subsequently has provided volunteers for the project and other valuable assistance. In May 1997, the first 1 m2 Standard Fog Collectors were set up in Nepal in two locations: Khumjung, in the Everest region and Gotvangan near Kathmandu.
Subsequently, Pablo Osses, who was the first Field Operations Manager of FogQuest, went to Nepal to transfer the technology related to site selection and the construction of large fog collectors. FogQuest has maintained contact with all of the small fog collection projects in Nepal since the beginning and provides assistance and guidance as needed. The main Nepalese NGO involved in the construction of fog collectors in recent years has been Nepal Water for Health (NEWAH).
Their main contact point is one of the FogQuest directors, Tony Makepeace, who is in Nepal on an annual basis and who has cross appointments with groups directly supporting development activities in Nepal. There are presently six small village fog collection projects in Nepal.
Pathivara Temple is situated on the top of a hill in the eastern part of Nepal. This is a great religious holy place for pilgrims where different religious people come to worship their god. Per day about 150 to 200 pilgrims and visitors come to visit but on Saturday and Tuesday 1500 to 2000 pilgrims and visitors come to the temple.
Due to the location there is no natural water spring or source. The pilgrims and priests of this temple used to go more then two hours down a steep slope to fetch water from a community. It cost about one rupee (NRs.) per liter at the temple. Thus, this place is highly hardship for water. So, for drinking and sanitation purpose the temple management committee has been using porters to carry water to temple. The management committee requested to NEWAH for a water supply project. Therefore the temple was supported in its need for sufficient water.
After the implementation of the Fog and Rain water harvesting system, the pilgrims and priests are enjoying quality water with easier access in about 5 minute walking distance. There are two large fog collectors (LFCs) built in the design introduced by FogQuest, likewise 1200 square feet of roof for rain water collection, two water reservoirs and storage tanks (40000 liters capacity). A tap stand has been constructed near to the temple. Similarly the project also constructed a community toilet for sanitation proposes. Pilgrims and visitors felt relief with easier access of gender friendly toilets.